The following physicians specialize in the treatment of Shoulder conditions:
Whether you are an athlete with a throwing injury or you slip on the ice landing awkwardly on your arm, elbow pain and injuries can have a significant impact on your life including work, sports, or simple daily activities.
The elbow is commonly affected by painful tendon conditions such as tennis elbow and nerve compression conditions such as cubital tunnel syndrome. If not treated appropriately, these injuries and conditions can lead to long-term stiffness, pain or dysfunction. The upper extremity specialists at Orthopedic Institute have advanced training and expertise in addressing both routine and complex elbow injuries and conditions.
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
When you hit your “funny bone” you are actually hitting a nerve behind your elbow. Occasionally this nerve becomes compressed or irritated resulting in pain and numbness and tingling in the arm and hand.
- Numbness and tingling or a pins-and-needles sensation in the ring and pinky fingers and along the inner aspect of the hand or forearm
- Electrical sensation running from their elbow down into the fingers
- Sudden pain or a “funny bone” sensation with just light bumping of the elbow
- Weakness or loss of strength
- Difficulty with fine motor activities
Distal Biceps Rupture
A sudden pop in the arm while lifting something heavy or forcefully pulling or catching something that is falling is often wishfully thought to be a minor tweak or sprain and expected to improve with time.
- A sudden pop or tearing sensation
- Change in contour or shape of the biceps muscle
- Bruising or swelling extending down into the forearm
- Pain with bending or rotating the arm or weakness with lifting or twisting
- Cramping or spasms of the biceps
You may think your elbow pain cannot possibly be tennis elbow because you have never played tennis or even swung a racket. However, this painful elbow condition is quite common in the general population, even in individuals who do not play racket sports.
- Achy, occasionally sharp pain along the outside of the elbow
- Pain when lifting or gripping especially with activities requiring the palm to face down, shaking hands, or turning doorknobs
- Sense of weakness in the hand and wrist
- Stiffness of the elbow or wrist
Rotator Cuff Tear
The rotator cuff is a confluence of four muscles that connect the upper arm bone (humerus) to the shoulder blade (scapula). The tendons connected to these muscles can fray, rip, or tear, leading to a rotator cuff injury.
- Pain on the outside or top of the arm
- Shoulder pain at rest and at night, especially when lying on the affected shoulder
- Pain, weakness, or limited motion when raising or rotating your arm
Shoulder arthritis is damage to the cartilage located inside the shoulder joint. Usually, shoulder arthritis results from a gradual wear and tear of the cartilage. Cartilage softens the contact between the bones. Over time, the cartilage can become soft and develop cracks in its surface. As the deterioration worsens, the shoulder develops arthritis.
- Pain that worsens and becomes aggravated by activity
- Feeling a deep ache in the joint or pain that intensifies with weather changes
- Frequent pain on the top of the shoulder that radiates to the side of the neck and pain throughout the shoulder
- Experiencing a limited range of motion
- Your shoulder grinds, clicks, or snaps as you move it
- Your arm becomes difficult to lift
- Sleeping becomes difficult and night pain is common
Shoulder Instability and Labral Tears
Shoulder instability occurs when the top of the upper arm bone is forced out of the shoulder socket. This can happen as a result of a sudden injury or from overuse. Once a shoulder has dislocated, it is vulnerable to repeat episodes. When the shoulder is loose and slips out of place repeatedly, it is called chronic shoulder instability.
Labral tears can occur from repetitive shoulder motion or when the tissue rim surrounding the socket experiences an injury. Often, throwing athletes or weightlifters experience glenoid labrum tears from repetitive shoulder motion. The labrum wears down over time, which can also cause tears.
- The shoulder may feel loose or slip in and out of the joint
- Shoulder instability may follow repeated shoulder dislocations
- Shoulder pain is a common occurrence, especially when engaging in overhead activities
- The shoulder catches, locks, pops, or grinds
- Everyday activities cause pain
Other Common Conditions Treated by Orthopedic Institute Upper Extremity Specialists
- Medial epicondylitis (golfer’s elbow)
- Distal humerus (elbow) fractures
- Olecranon (elbow) fractures
- Radial head (elbow) fractures
- Terrible triad (elbow) fracture dislocations
- Elbow dislocations
- Nursemaid’s elbow
- Elbow ligament injuries (ulnar collateral ligament tears and Tommy John surgery)
- Little league/thrower’s elbow
- Elbow osteochondritis dissecans
- Elbow arthritis