When evaluating your knee, your doctor will use a series of visual, physical, and technology tests to determine the type and severity of your injury.
To start, your doctor will discuss your overall health and medical history, ask about the situation that caused the knee injury, and compare the movement and stability of your healthy knee with the injured knee. This will often give your doctor an accurate idea of the extent of your knee injury.
Depending on the specific ligament you may have injured, your doctor may use additional visual and physical tests to confirm the diagnosis. For example, PCL injuries can often be confirmed through a physical test often called the “posterior drawer test.” In this test, your doctor will move the knee in specific directions to test the strength and support of the ligaments.
In addition to visual and physical tests, doctors may use X-ray and MRI testing to fully examine your knee. These tests will not only be used to verify damage to the knee ligaments, but also to check for underlying damage to the leg bones or other parts of the knee that may need treatment as well.