In some cases, a visual evaluation will reveal a likely hip fracture. Visual cues can include one leg that appears shorter than the other, or a patient relaxing their leg and pointing their toe outward. However, a hip fracture will eventually be confirmed through an X-ray of the hip and femur bones.
In some cases, an incomplete hip fracture may not be visible on an X-ray. When a doctor still believes a hip fracture may be present, an MRI evaluation may be necessary to further identify the possible hip fracture. For patients unable to undergo an MRI, a CT scan may also be used to identify a fracture.