Trigger finger release surgery is an outpatient procedure, meaning patients go home the same day as surgery. Light use of the hands is permitted immediately after surgery. A light, soft dressing is applied to the hand. Splints are usually not necessary. Washing the hand is often allowed within days after surgery.
If you have significant symptoms in both hands, surgery can be done on both at the same time or one at a time depending on your preference. The hands can be used for getting dressed, eating, going to the bathroom, and other light daily activities immediately after surgery.
Sutures are usually removed 1–2 weeks after surgery. Once the incision is healed, activities can be gradually advanced as tolerated. If you are struggling with stiffness, formal hand therapy may be recommended. Very often, simple home exercises are adequate to regain full function in the finger and hand. While the incision heals in 1–2 weeks, it can take 4–6 months for the swelling, stiffness, and discomfort to fully resolve.
It is possible, but exceedingly rare, for trigger fingers to persist or come back after surgery. If they do, another surgery may be necessary to remove a portion of the tendon that is not gliding smoothly. This is more common in patients with diabetes. For the vast majority of people, surgery takes care of the problem for life. While other fingers or digits may be affected in the future, surgery is not done on normal fingers just to keep them from being affected later in life.